The list of fixes and changes is huge, but they're not done yet. If you scroll all the way to the bottom of the patch notes, you'll see a list of "known issues", presumably there to say "we know and we are working on it."
The most interesting section of the notes, however, is listed at the top under "headline updates." Players will find that the level cap is removed, Cardassian and Romulan Sectors are open for Federation players, and that they can scan for the nearest anomaly via the MiniMap HUD. Bridge officers are a bit more interesting too: when they join your crew they'll come with a basic customization option, and as they advance they'll periodically request transfers. Finally, as you enter a new Sector Block, you'll hear a familiar voice. Leonard Nimoy has provided an audio journal overview for each Sector Block.
While these are just the high points of this patch, the list is much, much longer and warrants a look from anyone who's participated in beta testing.