140 Tonnen Silizium, Plastik und Blech für einen Blick in die Zukunft

Felix Knoke
F. Knoke|10.29.14

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Felix Knoke
October 29, 2014 7:44 AM
140 Tonnen Silizium, Plastik und Blech für einen Blick in die Zukunft
Ein bisschen Supercomputer-Porno gefällig? Der britische Wetterdienst Met Office hat sich einen neuen Cray XC40 Supercomputer zugelegt. 140 Tonnen schwer, 16 Petaflops schnell, 123 Millionen Euro teuer. 480.000 CPUs sollen die Zellengröße, also die Auflösung, in der die Wettersimulation läuft, auf 1,5 Kilometer herunter bringen - womit zum Beispiel Stadtteilvorhersagen möglich werden.
Die ganz spannenden Cray-XC40-Spezifikationen findet ihr nach dem Break.

Von der Cray-XC-Website:

Cray XC40 Spezifikationen

Processor 64-bit Intel® Xeon® processor E5 family; up to 384 per cabinet
Memory 64-256 GB per node
Memory bandwidth: Up to 137 GB/s per node
Compute Cabinet Up to 384 sockets per cabinet, upgradeable with processors of varying core counts
Peak performance: initially up to 226 TF per system cabinet
Interconnect 1 Aries routing and communications ASIC per 4 compute nodes
48 switch ports per Aries chip (500 GB/s switching capacity per chip)
Dragonfly interconnect: Low latency, high bandwidth topology
System Administration Cray System Management Workstation (SMW)
Single-system view for system administration
System software rollback capability
Reliability Features (Hardware) Integrated Cray Hardware Supervisory System (HSS)
Independent, out-of-band management network
Full ECC protection of all packet traffic in the Aries network
Redundant power supplies; redundant voltage regulator modules
Redundant paths to all system RAID
Hot swap blowers, power supplies and compute blades
Integrated pressure and temperature sensors
Reliability Features (Software) HSS system monitors operation of all operating system kernels
Lustre® file system object storage target failover; Lustre metadata server failover
Software failover for critical system services including system database, system logger and batch subsystems
NodeKARE™ (Node Knowledge and Reconfiguration)
Operating System Cray Linux Environment (includes SUSE Linux SLES11, HSS and SMW software)
Extreme Scalability Mode (ESM) and Cluster Compatibility Mode (CCM)
Compilers, Libraries & Tools Cray Compiler Environment, Intel Compiler, PGI Compiler, GNU compiler
Support for the ISO Fortran standard (2008) including parallel programming using coarrays, C/C++ and UPC
MPI 2.0, Cray SHMEM, other standard MPI libraries using CCM; Cray Apprentice and CrayPAT™ performance tools; Intel Parallel Studio Development Suite (option)
Job Management PBS Professional job management system
Moab Adaptive Computing Suite job management system
SLURM - Simple Linux Unified Resource Manager
External I/O Interface Infiniband, 40 and 10 Gigabit Ethernet, Fibre Channel (FC) and Ethernet
Disk Storage Full line of FC, SAS and IB based disk arrays with support for FC and SATA disk drives, Sonexion® data storage
system
Parallel File System Lustre, Data Virtualization Service (DVS) allows support for NFS, external Lustre and other file systems
Power 90 kW per compute cabinet, maximum configuration
Support for 480 VAC and 400 VAC computer rooms
6 kW per blower cabinet, 20 AMP at 480 VAC or 16 AMP at 400 VAC (three-phase, ground)
Cooling Water cooled with forced transverse air flow: 6,900 cfm intake
Dimensions (Cabinet) H 80.25" x W 35.56" x D 62.00" (compute cabinet)
H 80.25" x W 18.00" x D 42.00" (blower cabinet)
Weight (Operational) 3450 lbs. per compute cabinet - liquid cooled, 243 lbs./square foot floor loading
750 lbs. per blower cabinet
Regulatory Compliance EMC: FCC Part 15 Subpart B, CE Mark, CISPR 22 & 24, ICES-003, C-tick, VCCI
Safety: IEC 60950-1, TUV SUD America CB Report
Acoustic: ISO 7779, ISO 9296
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