There are some restrictions, of course. Waymo can't charge for these rides, and every vehicle must have a safety driver behind the wheel. Interestingly, the CPUC will allow Waymo to contract out its safety driver operations to a third party -- a decision prompted by Waymo's assessment that operating and scaling a "meaningful pilot" requires a large group of drivers who are "more efficiently engaged." They will still go through Waymo's proprietary driver training program.
This isn't the first milestone for Waymo in its bid to roll out a nationwide service -- the company launched its first commercial ride-hailing offering last year in Arizona, where there's less regulatory red tape for companies to deal with. Nor is this the first permit of its kind to be issued in California -- Zoox scored that accolade in December last year. Nonetheless, the news represents an important advance for Waymo's efforts in the state, where the race is perpetually on to achieve firsts in what is essentially the tech capital of America.