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The human cost of global spyware sales: Sources list

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Australia

https://www.hrw.org/asia/australia

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/01/29/australia-new-counterterrorism-laws-threaten-rights

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-australia-33017638 | http://www.wsj.com/articles/australia-strengthens-data-surveillance-in-antiterror-push-1427422968

Azerbaijan

https://www.hrw.org/europe/central-asia/azerbaijan

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/06/24/dispatches-azerbaijan-enough-enough

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/04/30/letter-azerbaijan-ministers-foreign-affairs-eu-member-states

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/01/29/azerbaijan-escalated-crackdown-critics

http://www.civilrightsdefenders.org/country-reports/human-rights-in-azerbaijan/

http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/countries/europe/azerbaijan

https://www.accessnow.org/blog/2014/08/22/un-investigates-business-and-human-rights-in-azerbaijan

http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/04/30/black_box_surveillance_of_phones_email_in_former_soviet_republics_.html

http://svt.se/ug/video-the-black-boxes-3

Bahrain

https://www.hrw.org/middle-east/n-africa/bahrain

https://www.privacyinternational.org/sites/default/files/PI_OECD_Gamma.pdf

https://bahrainwatch.org/blog/2014/10/14/bahrain-watch-welcomes-partner-privacy-internationals-legal-action-on-government-surveillance/

http://surveillance.rsf.org/en/bahrain/

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/01/29/bahrain-unchecked-repression

https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/07/07/leaked-documents-confirm-hacking-team-sells-spyware-repressive-countries/

Bangladesh

https://www.hrw.org/asia/bangladesh

https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/07/08/hacking-team-emails-exposed-death-squad-uk-spying/

https://www.hrw.org/news/2014/07/20/bangladesh-disband-death-squad

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/05/12/bangladesh-killing-blogger-blow-free-speech

https://www.hrw.org/report/2013/08/01/blood-streets/use-excessive-force-during-bangladesh-protests

https://www.privacyinternational.org/?q=node/427

http://giswatch.org/en/country-report/communications-surveillance/bangladesh

Belarus

http://en.rsf.org/surveillance-belarus,39746.html

http://globalvoicesonline.org/2015/03/26/belarus-data-retention-antidrug-surveillance/

https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-net/2013/belarus#.VaRj2MZVhBc

https://www.hrw.org/europe/central-asia/belarus

https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2014/country-chapters/belarus

https://freedomhouse.org/fair-play-beyond-sports/timeline-20-years-human-rights-abuses-belarus#.VaRj6cZVhBc

http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/countries/europe/belarus

https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/07/08/hacking-team-emails-exposed-death-squad-uk-spying/

Brazil

https://www.hrw.org/americas/brazil

https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2014/country-chapters/brazil

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/01/29/brazil-action-needed-curb-chronic-abuses

http://thinkprogress.org/security/2013/10/21/2807751/france-germany-brazil-surveillance/

Chile

https://www.hrw.org/americas/chile

https://www.privacyinternational.org/?q=node/108

http://www.latimes.com/opinion/op-ed/la-oe-0531-dorfman-surveillance-censorship-20150531-story.html

http://giswatch.org/en/country-report/communications-surveillance/chile

https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2014/country-chapters/chile

Cyprus

https://www.hrw.org/sitesearch/cyprus

http://espresso.repubblica.it/inchieste/2013/11/04/news/the-history-of-british-intelligence-operations-in-cyprus-1.139978

Czech Republic

https://www.hrw.org/europe/central-asia/czech-republic

http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/countries/europe/czech-republic

http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/2010/eur/154420.htm

https://www.opendemocracy.net/can-europe-make-it/tom%C3%A1%C5%A1-rezek/state-surveillance-in-czech-republic

Colombia

https://www.hrw.org/americas/colombia

https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2014/country-chapters/colombia

https://www.hrw.org/report/2014/03/20/crisis-buenaventura/disappearances-dismemberment-and-displacement-colombias-main

https://www.amnesty.org/en/countries/americas/colombia/

https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/amr23/1945/2015/en/

http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2012/05/2012514135631527464.html

Denmark

http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/countries/europe/denmark

https://www.hrw.org/europe/central-asia/denmark

http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/hacking-team-hacked-10-things-learned-massive-data-breach-spying-company-1509925

https://edri.org/danish-antiterror-proposal-expands-surveillance/

Ecuador

https://www.hrw.org/americas/ecuador

https://www.hrw.org/news/2014/07/14/ecuador-flawed-constitutional-reform-proposal

https://www.hrw.org/news/2014/12/15/censorship-ecuador-has-made-it-internet

http://www.buzzfeed.com/rosiegray/exclusive-documents-illuminate-ecuadors-spying-practices#.dxOQQPqB1

http://www.buzzfeed.com/rosiegray/ecuador-defends-domestic-surveillance#.wkZ99Y456

http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/12/12/surveillance_ecuador_implements_speech_technology_center_s_facial_and_voice.html

https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-net/2014/ecuador

Egypt

https://www.hrw.org/middle-east/n-africa/egypt

https://www.hrw.org/middle-east/n-africa/egypt

https://www.hrw.org/report/2014/08/12/all-according-plan/raba-massacre-and-mass-killings-protesters-egypt

https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2014/country-chapters/egypt

http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/countries/middle-east-and-north-africa/egypt

https://freedomhouse.org/article/timeline-human-rights-violations-egypt-fall-mubarak#.VaOIZcZViko

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2014/06/egypt-s-attack-internet-privacy-tightens-noose-freedom-expression/

https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/03/09/arab-spring-surveillance-egypt-intensifies/

Ethiopia

https://www.hrw.org/africa/ethiopia

https://www.hrw.org/news/2014/03/25/ethiopia-telecom-surveillance-chills-rights

https://www.hrw.org/report/2014/03/25/they-know-everything-we-do/telecom-and-internet-surveillance-ethiopia

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/02/25/letter-hacking-team-re-update-sale-and-use-hacking-team-solutions-ethiopia

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/01/29/ethiopia-crackdown-dissent-intensifies

http://techpresident.com/news/wegov/24884/surveillance-ethiopia-bad-right-now-human-rights-report-warns-it-could-get-worse

https://www.privacyinternational.org/?q=node/546

https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2015/country-chapters/ethiopia

https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2013/ethiopia#.VaOF18ZViko

http://www.unwatch.org/site/apps/nlnet/content2.aspx?c=bdKKISNqEmG&b=1313923&ct=14201637

https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/07/07/leaked-documents-confirm-hacking-team-sells-spyware-repressive-countries/

France

https://www.hrw.org/europe/central-asia/france

https://medium.com/@beyourownreason/revealed-the-true-extent-of-hacking-team-contacts-across-europe-dc04e5bdde2

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-32497034

http://techcrunch.com/2015/06/25/france-adopts-extensive-surveillance-law/

Honduras

https://www.hrw.org/americas/honduras

https://www.hrw.org/news/2014/02/12/honduras-no-justice-wave-killings-over-land

https://www.hrw.org/news/2013/12/19/honduras-accusations-military-endanger-activist

https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2012/honduras#.VaN_Q8ZViko

http://www.amnestyusa.org/get-involved/take-action-now/honduras-surveillance-and-attacks-on-human-rights-ngo-ua-15614

Hungary

https://www.hrw.org/europe/central-asia/hungary

http://blogs.wsj.com/emergingeurope/2013/05/24/hungary-widens-secret-surveillance-on-top-officials/

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/02/18/hungary-little-eu-action-rights-concerns

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/02/18/hungary-outstanding-human-rights-concerns

India

https://www.hrw.org/asia/india

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/indias-surveillance-project-may-be-as-lethal-as-prism/article4834619.ece

https://www.opendemocracy.net/opensecurity/maria-xynou/big-democracy-big-surveillance-indias-surveillance-state

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/04/08/dispatches-indias-police-should-arrest-suspects-not-kill-them

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/02/21/india-stop-harassment-activists

https://www.hrw.org/report/2014/12/03/treated-worse-animals/abuses-against-women-and-girls-psychosocial-or-intellectual

Ireland

https://www.hrw.org/europe/central-asia/ireland

https://medium.com/@beyourownreason/irish-defence-forces-in-discussion-with-cybersecurity-firm-hacking-team-cc7f5b3bb6d0

https://www.digitalrights.ie/transparency-in-irish-surveillance-law/

http://www.irishtimes.com/business/technology/state-sanctions-phone-and-email-tapping-1.2027844

http://www.irishexaminer.com/ireland/irelands-human-rights-record-womens-rights-are-not-respected-here-319882.html

http://www.thejournal.ie/state-surveillance-ireland-gardai-wiretapping-email-monitoring-gardai-2099537-May2015/

Kurdistan

https://www.hrw.org/sitesearch/kurdistan

https://www.hrw.org/news/2013/02/09/iraqi-kurdistan-free-speech-under-attack

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/02/25/iraqi-kurdistan-arabs-displaced-cordoned-detained

http://kurdishquestion.com/index.php/kurdistan/surveillance-targeting-and-the-criminalisation-of-kurds-in-the-uk-part-i/613-surveillance-targeting-and-the-criminalisation-of-kurds-in-the-uk-part-i.html

http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2014/07/israel-iraqi-kurds-gambling-with--2014737321568960.html

Kazakhstan

https://www.hrw.org/europe/central-asia/kazakhstan

https://www.hrw.org/news/2014/10/20/kazakhstan-submission-un-committee-against-torture

http://en.rsf.org/kazakhstan-kazakhstan-12-03-2012,42073.html

https://www.privacyinternational.org/?q=node/429

https://news.vice.com/article/us-and-israeli-companies-are-selling-surveillance-technology-to-repressive-regimes-report-finds

Lebanon

https://www.hrw.org/middle-east/n-africa/lebanon

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/06/26/lebanon-monitor-detention-combat-torture

https://www.privacyinternational.org/?q=node/586

http://globalvoicesonline.org/2015/07/08/for-arab-human-rights-defenders-hacking-team-files-confirm-suspicions-of-state-surveillance/

Libya

http://en.rsf.org/surveillance-libya,39717.html

http://www.rferl.org/content/libyas-big-brother-inside-qaddafis-vast-surveillance-network/24590087.html

https://advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org/2011/10/27/libya-foreign-hackers-and-surveillance/

https://www.hrw.org/middle-east/n-africa/libya

https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2015/country-chapters/libya

http://www.ohchr.org/EN/countries/MENARegion/Pages/LYIndex.aspx

http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/countries/middle-east-and-north-africa/libya

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/06/17/libya-widespread-torture-detention

https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/07/07/leaked-documents-confirm-hacking-team-sells-spyware-repressive-countries/

Luxembourg

https://www.hrw.org/sitesearch/Luxembourg

https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2012/luxembourg

http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/2010/eur/154436.htm

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/oct/11/skype-ten-microsoft-nsa

Malaysia

https://www.hrw.org/asia/malaysia

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/04/07/hrw-slams-malaysias-new-repressive-anti-terrorism-law

http://en.rsf.org/surveillance-malaysia,39718.html

http://www.computing.co.uk/ctg/news/2290413/us-spying-scandal-encourages-malaysia-to-step-up-internet-surveillance

http://en.rsf.org/surveillance-malaysia,39718.html

Mexico

https://www.hrw.org/americas/mexico

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/04/28/letter-mexicos-attorney-general-human-rights-crisis

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/01/05/mexico/us-letter-president-obama-regarding-president-pena-nietos-human-rights-record

Mongolia

https://www.hrw.org/sitesearch/mongolia

https://www.hrw.org/report/2015/05/13/tiger-chairs-and-cell-bosses/police-torture-criminal-suspects-china

http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/countries/asia-and-the-pacific/mongolia

https://citizenlab.org/2013/04/for-their-eyes-only-2/

https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-press/2012/mongolia#.VaNAu8ZViko

http://thenextweb.com/asia/2014/03/20/mongolia-cracks-down-on-online-media-with-a-list-of-over-700-amusing-banned-words/

http://en.rsf.org/china-internet-is-collateral-victim-of-31-05-2011,40379.html

Morocco

https://www.hrw.org/middle-east/n-africa/morocco/western-sahara

https://www.hrw.org/news/2013/06/21/morocco/western-sahara-dubious-confessions-tainted-trials

https://freedomhouse.org/article/morocco-tries-block-report-domestic-surveillance#.VaM6vsZViko

https://www.privacyinternational.org/?q=node/551

https://www.privacyinternational.org/?q=node/554

https://www.privacyinternational.org/?q=node/551

https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/07/07/leaked-documents-confirm-hacking-team-sells-spyware-repressive-countries/

Nigeria

https://www.hrw.org/africa/nigeria

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/05/26/nigeria-new-president-should-address-abuses

https://www.privacyinternational.org/?q=node/372

Oman

https://www.hrw.org/middle-east/n-africa/oman

https://www.hrw.org/news/2014/09/08/oman-stop-targeting-rights-critic

https://www.amnesty.org/en/countries/middle-east-and-north-africa/oman/report-oman/

Panama

https://www.hrw.org/sitesearch/panama

https://www.hrw.org/news/2010/07/29/panama-probe-police-role-clash-strikers

https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2011/07/politics-surveillance-erosion-privacy-latin-america

http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/countries/americas/panama

https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2013/panama#.VaM1GsZViko

Poland

https://www.hrw.org/europe/central-asia/poland

http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/countries/europe/poland

http://motherboard.vice.com/blog/polands-surveillance-programs-could-be-worse-than-the-nsa

https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2014/02/day-we-fight-back-poland-fights-back-against-unchecked-surveillance

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jul/24/poland-breach-human-rights-convention-al-qaida-suspects-cia

Russia

https://www.hrw.org/europe/central-asia/russia

http://www.worldpolicy.org/journal/fall2013/Russia-surveillance

http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/08/15/russia-sorm-medvedev-social-networks-internet/

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/07/08/dispatches-witch-hunt-against-undesirables

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/06/22/russia-government-against-rights-groups

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/02/28/dispatches-opposition-leader-gunned-down-steps-kremlin

https://www.hrw.org/news/2014/12/31/russia-dont-get-tagged-social-media-russia

https://www.hrw.org/news/2014/12/04/russia-human-rights-climate-unrecognizable-decade-ago

Saudi Arabia

https://www.hrw.org/middle-east/n-africa/saudi-arabia

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/06/01/saudi-arabia-spike-executions

https://www.hrw.org/report/2015/05/10/detained-beaten-deported/saudi-abuses-against-migrants-during-mass-expulsions

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/06/11/saudi-arabia-possible-new-flogging-prominent-blogger

https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2015/country-chapters/saudi-arabia

https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-net/2012/saudi-arabia#.VaMy-cZViko

Serbia

https://www.hrw.org/europe/central-asia/serbia

http://europeanwesternbalkans.com/2014/11/19/no-surveillance-without-oversight

http://bezbednost.org/All-publications/5621/Parliamentary-Oversight-of-Implementation-of.shtml

Singapore

https://www.hrw.org/asia/singapore

https://www.hrw.org/news/2014/06/24/dispatches-perils-blogging-singapore

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/02/22/singapore-bloggers-conviction-violates-free-speech

https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2014/country-chapters/singapore

http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/countries/asia-and-the-pacific/singapore

South Korea

https://www.hrw.org/asia/south-korea

https://www.hrw.org/news/2014/12/14/south-korea-stop-using-criminal-defamation-laws

http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/countries/asia-and-the-pacific/south-korea

Spain

https://www.hrw.org/europe/central-asia/spain

http://europeanjournalists.org/blog/2015/03/31/spanish-public-security-law-is-gagging-press/

http://www.theolivepress.es/spain-news/2015/03/09/human-rights-watch-slam-flawed-spanish-security-bill/

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/03/09/spain-reject-flawed-public-security-bill

Sudan

https://www.hrw.org/africa/sudan

https://www.hrw.org/news/2014/12/14/sudan-soldiers-militias-killing-raping-civilians

http://www.giswatch.org/en/country-report/communications-surveillance/sudan

https://www.hrw.org/news/2014/02/26/south-sudan-war-crimes-both-sides

http://time.com/3921456/omar-al-bashir-war-crimes/

http://www.uua.org/statements/end-crimes-against-humanity-darfur-sudan

https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2014/country-chapters/sudan

http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/countries/africa/sudan

http://www.unitedhumanrights.org/genocide/genocide-in-sudan.htm

Switzerland

https://www.hrw.org/europe/central-asia/switzerland

https://medium.com/@beyourownreason/revealed-the-true-extent-of-hacking-team-contacts-across-europe-db3c1e8e8ce7

https://www.hrw.org/news/2013/08/07/switzerland-asylum-seekers-stay-out-pool

Syria

https://www.hrw.org/middle-east/n-africa/syria

http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/countries/middle-east-and-north-africa/syria

http://www.cfr.org/syria/syrias-crisis-global-response/p28402

http://www.amnestyusa.org/research/reports/death-everywhere-war-crimes-and-human-rights-abuses-in-aleppo

http://surveillance.rsf.org/en/syria/

http://www.cbsnews.com/news/surveillance-and-censorship-inside-syrias-internet/

https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/07/07/leaked-documents-confirm-hacking-team-sells-spyware-repressive-countries/

Thailand

https://www.hrw.org/asia/thailand

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/05/22/thailand-deepening-repression-one-year-after-coup

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/06/27/thailand-junta-arrests-14-student-activists

http://en.rsf.org/surveillance-thailand,39775.html

Tunisia

https://www.hrw.org/middle-east/n-africa/tunisia

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/05/05/missing-journalists-tunisias-arab-spring-meets-libyas

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/05/19/tunisia-suspicious-death-custody

Turkey

https://www.hrw.org/europe/central-asia/turkey

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/05/28/judges-who-defy-turkeys-leaders-short-road-jail

https://www.hrw.org/report/2014/09/29/turkeys-human-rights-rollback/recommendations-reform

https://www.opendemocracy.net/g%C3%BCne%C5%9F-tavmen/turkey%E2%80%99s-nightmarish-adventures-in-censorship-and-surveillance-on-internet

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-03-27/turkey-s-parliament-passes-contested-security-surveillance-laws

UAE

https://www.hrw.org/middle-east/n-africa/united-arab-emirates

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/03/11/uae-new-cases-disappearances

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/01/29/uae-repression-all-fronts

https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-net/2013/united-arab-emirates#.VaMpMcZViko

https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-press/2014/united-arab-emirates#.VaMpLsZViko

https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2014/country-chapters/united-arab-emirates

http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/countries/middle-east-and-north-africa/uae

https://citizenlab.org/2012/10/backdoors-are-forever-hacking-team-and-the-targeting-of-dissent/

UK

https://www.hrw.org/europe/central-asia/united-kingdom

https://medium.com/@beyourownreason/revealed-the-true-extent-of-hacking-team-contacts-across-europe-dc04e5bdde2

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/06/12/dispatches-time-uk-fix-undemocratic-surveillance-laws

https://www.thebureauinvestigates.com/2015/01/19/european-parliament-criticises-uk-courts-secret-evidence/

https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/07/08/hacking-team-emails-exposed-death-squad-uk-spying/

USA

https://www.hrw.org/united-states

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/06/23/human-rights-watch-aclu-amnesty-call-special-prosecutor-torture

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/04/09/dispatches-no-more-excuses-patriot-act-surveillance-reform

https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2014/country-chapters/united-states

http://www.truth-out.org/news/item/22887-un-human-rights-committee-finds-us-in-serious-violation

Uzbekistan

https://www.hrw.org/europe/central-asia/uzbekistan

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/06/04/uzbekistan-brutal-police-attack-activist

Vietnam

https://www.hrw.org/asia/vietnam

http://surveillance.rsf.org/en/vietnam/

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/06/24/its-time-obama-administration-get-tough-human-rights-vietnam

http://blog.malwaremustdie.org/2014/08/another-country-sponsored-malware.html

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