The only company to defy the trend was Xiaomi, whose shipments surged 37 percent. That's not completely surprising: it was the only one in the top five to cater to the very entry level (under $160), and it tackled the high end by launching both the Mi Mix 2S and Mi 6X.
As for the reason? If you ask Canalys, it's simple: there's a "sense of fatigue." The fierce competition in China has led companies to mimic each other's phone lineups and launch strategies, but only the largest companies can handle that. Smaller companies might not survive in the long run.
Canalys is expecting China to bounce back in the second quarter, especially now that flagships like Huawei's P20 series are available. With that said, the analyst group acknowledges that it might be looking through rose-tinted glasses: it's warning about a possible stagnant period where companies double down on R&D instead of focusing on all-out marketing campaigns. When worldwide smartphone shipments dropped for the first time ever this fall, it's clear that the status quo isn't enough. The phone market is rapidly saturating, and there may not be much companies can do to avoid difficult times.