The dev kit utilizes an Nvidia Tegra K1 processor with Ubuntu 14.04 with the Robotic Operating System framework on top, with an ultrasound sensor, two fisheye cameras, and a barometer and magnetometer. There are also USB and HDMI connections thrown in for good measure.
These bells and whistle are on board to aid drones in picking up objects that are up to 50 feet away to properly map indoor areas as well as augmenting autonomous navigation. Parrot is a drone creator on its own, so it would make sense to instead include these upgrades with its own products, but it's meant to aid other platforms in accomplishing the same thing instead.
It's clear that Parrot isn't in the business for furthering its own goals, as this kit will absolutely be a boon for professional drone and various robotics products as well.