A brief history of Origin Systems
To dig into this interesting "what if?" scenario, we're going to start at the beginning: 1983. It was this year that Origin Systems, Inc.
, was founded by a few guys, including some dude named Richard Garriott
. The studio was anchored around the hit Ultima franchise, although it soon branched out and started making great games all over the place.
One of these titles was a space sim-slash-arcade shooter that featured valiant humans fighting among the stars against the oppressive Kilrathi empire. Chris Roberts and his team struck gaming gold with Wing Commander
in 1990, kicking off a flurry of expansions, sequels, and spin-offs that took this franchise to the top of the charts in that decade.
acquired the studio in 1992 after Origin suffered a severe financial crisis
. The studio stayed afloat, and a few years later EA gave Origin the go-ahead to develop one of the first big MMOs: Ultima Online
. After seeing the strong reaction and rabid following by the gaming community, EA decreed that online gaming would be the focus of Origin from there on out. It made a certain sense to build an MMO off of a hit franchise, so if Ultima Online
could launch off of the Ultima
games, why not a Wing Commander Online
Space: The MMO frontier
It's almost breathtaking to think about what might have been. With Ultima Online's
popularity giving Origin's namebrand a boost, the team had permission to build two MMOs out of its space sim franchise. Work began on Wing Commander Online
and Privateer Online
being a freeform spinoff of Wing Commander
but set in the same universe). Players who caught wind of these projects couldn't stop salivating at the thought of piloting their own fighter or freighter through the galaxy and making a name for themselves. Even the lack of Chris Roberts (who left the studio in 1996) couldn't dampen spirits.
What exists of these two titles today in action is hard to find: a blurb in Origin Systems' history, some concept art
, and a few screenshots
. Out of the two, Privateer Online
seems to have gotten the most attention and push from EA. I'll admit that it's not 100% clear whether these were two separate titles, a name variation (such as Wing Commander Online: Privateer
), or a continuation of the same project under a name change. The problem here is that several sources mention them as separate projects, while other sources ignore WCO
altogether. As I've seen the titles listed as discontinued on separate dates, I'm going to go with the "two projects" angle.
An executive summary
announcing Privateer Online
was incredibly optimistic: "With Wing Commander
lifetime sales (as of March '98) selling two-to-one over the Ultima
series, we can expect even greater subscription numbers than Ultima Online
. Also, with the already crowding fantasy RPG online genre, Privateer
stands alone in the sci-fi genre providing Origin with many new types of customers. With all that said, Privateer
, with the strong universe backing and proven Wing Commander
history, proves to be the most extensive, entertaining and encompassing space-based online community in gaming history. PERIOD."
The design philosophy
behind Privateer Online
paints the picture of a community-oriented space sim that wasn't just about combat. "Privateer
will be more than just a game," the team wrote. "It is a human interaction experience."
That said, these games were to have a lot of space fights, an enormous economy, numerous guilds and factions to rank up in, peaceful methods of progression, AI wingmen, customizable ships, gambling, a stock market, GM events, and 60 star systems to explore.
The design document
for Privateer Online
showed that the team had ambitious goals to roll out huge updates, double the size of the universe, and create a second, superior version of the game (Privateer Online 2
) within a couple of years.
The black void of space
By all accounts, Wing Commander Online's
development window was fairly limited. Shortly after getting the go-ahead to work on WCO
, EA decided that Ultima Online 2
was where it was at. The publisher ordered the space sim to be axed and the team reassigned to UO2
. The team wasn't having it and quit within six months
, dealing a mortal wound to UO2
as well. Privateer Online's
development lasted a year (give or take a few months) longer, but gamers' hopes were soon to be extinguished.
It turns out that EA's eyes were bigger than its stomach as far as MMOs were concerned. It's as if the publisher made a bold decision to stride into online space, then had a severe moment of doubt and buyer's remorse. Quick as a cat, EA yanked the plug on several projects in 2000, including Ultima Worlds Online
, Ultima X Odyssey
, and Privateer Online
. Privateer Online
was deemed too similar to another title that EA was making, so Earth and Beyond)
lived (for a time) while its brother-in-arms was jettisoned through the corporate airlock.
In the end, Origin Systems went out with a whimper, hardly the just rewards of a studio that gave gamers terrific experiences for over two decades. EA shut it down in 2004, leaving but memories and a few experienced developers shooting off on their own trajectories.
Maybe Wing Commander Online
would've been a rough ride with little more than promise. Maybe it would've let gamers down by lacking a strong narrative, struggling through technological limitations, or failing to gain an audience willing to embrace a space MMO. After all, it's not as if Earth and Beyond
did much for EA a few years later.
Maybe it's for the best that Roberts stepped away from game development for a decade and refueled his passion for an online space sim. Maybe the best chapter of this story is yet to come.
When not clawing his eyes out at the atrocious state of general chat channels, Justin "Syp" Olivetti pulls out his history textbook for a lecture or two on the good ol' days of MMOs in The Game Archaeologist. You can contact him via email at firstname.lastname@example.org or through his gaming blog, Bio Break.