The Game Archaeologist: Wing Commander Online

The Game Archaeologist Wing Commander Online and Privateer Online
Like many gamers who grew up playing the popular titles in the 1990s, Massively's Jef is understandably excited that Chris Roberts, creator of Wing Commander, is working on an original space sim MMO called Star Citizen. Jef is so thrilled, in fact, that he started a column anticipating the title.

Jef's not alone; it seemed as though half of the internet went bananas when Roberts came out of the woodwork to announce his title and ask for a few coppers for funding. He got more than just a few, as gaming nostalgia is one of the most powerful forces known to mankind. Even if it can't be Wing Commander in name, gamers reasoned as they plunked down their money, it could be the Wing Commander MMO in spirit.

Interestingly enough, there was an actual effort made to bring the well-known franchise to the MMO table back in the late '90s. A pair of projects, Wing Commander Online and Privateer Online, promised the thrills of the hit space saga with the expanse of the online gaming world. What happened and why aren't we playing one of these games today? Find out on this exciting episode of The Game Archaeologist!

The Game Archaeologist Wing Commander Online
A brief history of Origin Systems

To dig into this interesting "what if?" scenario, we're going to start at the beginning: 1983. It was this year that Origin Systems, Inc., was founded by a few guys, including some dude named Richard Garriott. The studio was anchored around the hit Ultima franchise, although it soon branched out and started making great games all over the place.

One of these titles was a space sim-slash-arcade shooter that featured valiant humans fighting among the stars against the oppressive Kilrathi empire. Chris Roberts and his team struck gaming gold with Wing Commander in 1990, kicking off a flurry of expansions, sequels, and spin-offs that took this franchise to the top of the charts in that decade.

Electronic Arts acquired the studio in 1992 after Origin suffered a severe financial crisis. The studio stayed afloat, and a few years later EA gave Origin the go-ahead to develop one of the first big MMOs: Ultima Online. After seeing the strong reaction and rabid following by the gaming community, EA decreed that online gaming would be the focus of Origin from there on out. It made a certain sense to build an MMO off of a hit franchise, so if Ultima Online could launch off of the Ultima games, why not a Wing Commander Online?

The Game Archaeologist Wing Commander Online
Space: The MMO frontier

It's almost breathtaking to think about what might have been. With Ultima Online's popularity giving Origin's namebrand a boost, the team had permission to build two MMOs out of its space sim franchise. Work began on Wing Commander Online and Privateer Online (Privateer being a freeform spinoff of Wing Commander but set in the same universe). Players who caught wind of these projects couldn't stop salivating at the thought of piloting their own fighter or freighter through the galaxy and making a name for themselves. Even the lack of Chris Roberts (who left the studio in 1996) couldn't dampen spirits.

What exists of these two titles today in action is hard to find: a blurb in Origin Systems' history, some concept art, and a few screenshots. Out of the two, Privateer Online seems to have gotten the most attention and push from EA. I'll admit that it's not 100% clear whether these were two separate titles, a name variation (such as Wing Commander Online: Privateer), or a continuation of the same project under a name change. The problem here is that several sources mention them as separate projects, while other sources ignore WCO altogether. As I've seen the titles listed as discontinued on separate dates, I'm going to go with the "two projects" angle.

An executive summary announcing Privateer Online was incredibly optimistic: "With Wing Commander lifetime sales (as of March '98) selling two-to-one over the Ultima series, we can expect even greater subscription numbers than Ultima Online. Also, with the already crowding fantasy RPG online genre, Privateer stands alone in the sci-fi genre providing Origin with many new types of customers. With all that said, Privateer, with the strong universe backing and proven Wing Commander history, proves to be the most extensive, entertaining and encompassing space-based online community in gaming history. PERIOD."

The design philosophy behind Privateer Online paints the picture of a community-oriented space sim that wasn't just about combat. "Privateer will be more than just a game," the team wrote. "It is a human interaction experience."

That said, these games were to have a lot of space fights, an enormous economy, numerous guilds and factions to rank up in, peaceful methods of progression, AI wingmen, customizable ships, gambling, a stock market, GM events, and 60 star systems to explore.

The design document for Privateer Online showed that the team had ambitious goals to roll out huge updates, double the size of the universe, and create a second, superior version of the game (Privateer Online 2) within a couple of years.

The Game Archaeologist Wing Commander Online
The black void of space

By all accounts, Wing Commander Online's development window was fairly limited. Shortly after getting the go-ahead to work on WCO, EA decided that Ultima Online 2 was where it was at. The publisher ordered the space sim to be axed and the team reassigned to UO2. The team wasn't having it and quit within six months, dealing a mortal wound to UO2 as well. Privateer Online's development lasted a year (give or take a few months) longer, but gamers' hopes were soon to be extinguished.

It turns out that EA's eyes were bigger than its stomach as far as MMOs were concerned. It's as if the publisher made a bold decision to stride into online space, then had a severe moment of doubt and buyer's remorse. Quick as a cat, EA yanked the plug on several projects in 2000, including Ultima Worlds Online, Ultima X Odyssey, and Privateer Online. Privateer Online was deemed too similar to another title that EA was making, so Earth and Beyond) lived (for a time) while its brother-in-arms was jettisoned through the corporate airlock.

In the end, Origin Systems went out with a whimper, hardly the just rewards of a studio that gave gamers terrific experiences for over two decades. EA shut it down in 2004, leaving but memories and a few experienced developers shooting off on their own trajectories.

Maybe Wing Commander Online would've been a rough ride with little more than promise. Maybe it would've let gamers down by lacking a strong narrative, struggling through technological limitations, or failing to gain an audience willing to embrace a space MMO. After all, it's not as if Earth and Beyond did much for EA a few years later.

Maybe it's for the best that Roberts stepped away from game development for a decade and refueled his passion for an online space sim. Maybe the best chapter of this story is yet to come.


When not clawing his eyes out at the atrocious state of general chat channels, Justin "Syp" Olivetti pulls out his history textbook for a lecture or two on the good ol' days of MMOs in The Game Archaeologist. You can contact him via email at or through his gaming blog, Bio Break.
This article was originally published on Massively.