Intel's not very happy about Qualcomm-powered Windows 10 PCs

It's making litigious noises about Qualcomm's Microsoft partnership.

As its 8086 chip architecture nears 40 years old, Intel has put Qualcomm on notice about recent news that Windows 10 PCs will run Snapdragon 835 chips with x86 emulation. "There have been reports that some companies may try to emulate Intel's proprietary x86 ISA without Intel's authorization," said chief lawyer Stephen Rodgers and Intel Labs Director Richard A. Uhlig in a blog post. "We do not welcome unlawful infringement of our patents, and we fully expect other companies to continue to respect Intel's intellectual property rights."

The 8086 launched on June 8th, 1978, and Intel ran through its innovations over the last 39 years including SIMD multiprocessing, SSE media rendering, encryption enhancements, security and more. It points out that it has a portfolio of over 1,600 patent to protect all that tech.

The article then shifts into a more lawyerly tone, pointing out that "Intel carefully protects its x86 innovations, and we do not widely license others to use them." Specifically, it cited past battles with AMD, Cyrix, Chips and Technologies, and others over the last few decades.

The original 8086 CPU (Konstantin Lanzet/Wikimedia Commons)

Making note of the x86 and Win32 emulation that Qualcomm plans to use, the company wrote, "Emulation is not a new technology, and Transmeta was notably the last company to claim to have produced a compatible x86 processor using emulation ('code morphing') techniques." It said despite the emulation, Intel enforced its patents against Transmeta, adding that the company exited the CPU business a decade ago.

As Engadget's Cherlynn Low pointed out, there are some pretty nice benefits to having Qualcomm on Windows 10. Those include lighter, smaller machines thanks to Qualcomm's tinier parts, integrated 5G LTE connectivity and much better battery life, all part of Microsoft's "always connected" dream for Windows 10. Qualcomm notably built the Snapdragon 835 with 10-nanometer technology, while Intel's latest chips still use last-gen 14-nanometer parts.

Unlike Transmeta, Qualcomm has vast resources, and we imagine that the company's lawyers didn't let it jump onto Intel's turf without serious due diligence. Microsoft is also fully behind the partnership, because its new strategy for Windows 10 S seems to depend on Qualcomm's participation. Other OEM partners, including Lenovo, HP and ASUS are also on board. And as much as Intel blusters, it's very dependent on Microsoft, which could easily sidestep its IP with Windows 10 if it decided to.

Update: Qualcomm has replied to Intel's blog, calling it "very interesting," and saying it's looking forward to launching "always connected Windows 10 PCs powered by the Qualcomm Snapdragon 835 Mobile PC platform later this year." Its full statement is below.

Given our recent announcement with ASUS, HP and Lenovo, we found the blog that one of our competitors published on June 8 very interesting. We look forward to the launch of the always connected Windows 10 PC powered by the Qualcomm Snapdragon 835 Mobile PC Platform later this year. As showcased at Computex 2017 in conjunction with Microsoft, the Snapdragon 835 Mobile PC Platform brings a true always connected PC experience with support for up to Gigabit LTE connectivity and all-day battery life for sleek, thin and fanless designs. This will change the future of personal computing.