According to one of the study's senior authors, Kyu Jin Cho:
Water's surface needs to be pressed at the right speed for an adequate amount of time, up to a certain depth, in order to achieve jumping. The water strider is capable of doing all these things flawlessly.
Based on the team's observations, striders can do all those thing perfectly thanks to the slightly curved tips of their legs. After figuring out what morphology and movements to copy, the group managed to build a robotic insect that uses a lightweight catapult mechanism. It can exert force equivalent to 16 times its body weight without breaking the water's surface and perform real strider-like jumps. To note, a separate team developed a robot based on the same insect years ago, but it was much larger than its real-life counterpart. This team's creation is comparable in size to actual striders, as you can see in the video below.
Small robots like these could eventually be used for search operations, among other purposes. And since this particular one was created by manufacturing folded composite structures that self-assemble, it will be easy to make in large batches.