The battle between governments and tech companies for access to private, secure information isn't new. Terrorists can use secure platforms, such as WhatsApp, to communicate without fear of government eavesdropping. Tech companies are often caught between a need to protect their user base's privacy -- after all, if they lose trust, people will stop using their services-- and helping to thwart terrorism. Meanwhile, governments have criticized these services for allowing terrorists to operate on their networks mostly unchecked.
While it's unlikely that concrete policy changes will occur immediately, it's noteworthy that Australia is making a priority at this meeting. "These discussions will focus on the need to cooperate with service providers to ensure reasonable assistance is provided to law enforcement and security agencies," said Australian Attorney General Senator Brandeis to Reuters. However, Brandeis' definition of "reasonable assistance" and what methods that the Australian government wants to use to obtain it from these companies remains to be seen.