Mountain View launched the verification procedure in the US ahead of the 2018 midterm elections, requiring advertisers to submit government-issued IDs. It's part of Google's efforts to prevent foreign disinformation campaigns from sowing discord in the same way they did during the 2016 Presidential Elections.
Both Google and Facebook pledged to put up safeguards that can prevent foreign election meddling campaigns from continuing to use their platforms. According to Bloomberg, the social network will also require verifications and more transparency for political ads in Europe -- Facebook rolled out the tools to make those possible in the US, Brazil and the UK earlier this year.
In addition to the verification procedure, Google will publish an EU-specific Election Ads Transparency Report that will show a list of advertisers and their spends. It will include a searchable ad library, so the public can look up who's putting up the ads and whom they're targeting. These spending disclosures might not be available until February or March 2019, but the new policies themselves will take effect in January.
The company also said in its announcement that it's offering security training to "the most vulnerable groups, who face increased risks of phishing attacks." Plus, it will collaborate with news organizations across EU countries to support online fact checking.