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Deezer's AI mood detection could lead to smarter song playlists

It pays attention to both the instruments and the lyrics.
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Liia Galimzianova via Getty Images

Astute listeners know that you can't gauge a song's mood solely through the instrumentation or the lyrics, but that's often what AI has been asked to do -- and that's not much help if you're trying to sift through millions of songs to find something melancholic or upbeat Thankfully, Deezer's researchers have found a way to make that AI consider the totality of a song before passing judgment. They've developed a deep learning system that gauges the emotion and intensity of a track by relying on a wide variety of data, not just a single factor like the lyrics.

Deezer trained the AI using raw audio signals, linguistic context reconstruction models and a Million Song Dataset that aggregates Last.fm tags describing tunes (such as "calm" or "sad"). The researchers mapped the MSD to Deezer's library using song metadata, extracting individual words from the lyrics in the process. The result was an 18,644-song database the team could use to both train AI on song moods and to test its theories.

The system is merely average at detecting the mood of a song based on lyrics. However, the association between audio and lyrics helped it gauge the energy of a given piece more effectively than past techniques. This could help identify the difference between a soothing downtempo piece and an upbeat dance track, as an example.

This isn't ready for use in services like Deezer. The research group wants to look at different training models (such as an unsupervised system that looks at huge volumes of unlabeled info) to improve the accuracy. You can see where this might go, mind you. Deezer could automatically generate playlists that cater to a wide variety of moods without having to tag every song by hand. You could listen to songs that are just upbeat enough to improve your spirits, or slow enough to set you at ease without putting you to sleep.

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