Aurora is nowhere near as recognizable as Waymo, but it was founded by three experienced names in the field: Chris Urmson (led Carnegie Mellon's self-driving efforts in DARPA's Grand Challenges), Drew Bagnell (formerly of Uber's self-driving team) and Sterling Anderson (from Tesla's Autopilot team). In fact, the startup's beginnings were mired in controversy.
Tesla filed a lawsuit against the fledgling company in 2017, accusing Anderson of stealing Autopilot secrets and pirating its employees. The companies agreed on a settlement shortly after that, in which Anderson and Aurora had to pay Tesla $100,000.* (see update) Since then, the company has forged partnerships with automakers, including Hyundai and Volkswagen, to incorporate its autonomous driving systems into their vehicles.
To be clear, Aurora's test vehicles still have human drivers behind the wheel: vetted employees, not contractors, who undergo 12 weeks of training. The data Aurora will provide the state can help pave way for further tests without human drivers, though, which is kind of necessary if Aurora wants to launch truly autonomous cars in the future.
The company said in its announcement post:
"We voluntarily complied with PennDOT's request because we believe this will help the communities in and around Pittsburgh to be aware of Aurora, our testing, our commitment to safety, and our vision for a self-driving future...
We are committed to continuing our collaboration and strengthening our partnership with PennDOT as well as other local, state, and federal officials. Together with the oversight and care expected from the government and its citizens, we will bring self-driving technology to market safely, quickly, and broadly."
Update 10/11/18 1:21PM ET: An Aurora spokesperson has reached out and clarified that Aurora didn't pay a fine coming out of the Tesla lawsuit. It was a reimbursement. Further, Tesla does not do ongoing audits of Aurora's computers.